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Hamlet, Revenge and Justice. Shane McQuillan. Shane McQuillan Q.
Both revenge and justice go hand in hand with one another. In this play, there is an almost never ending cycle of revenge. The underlying motive of this cycle is almost always justice. However, the problem with justice is that justice for one person may be a cause of revenge for another. Hamlet himself recognises this. Hamlet, and indeed Laertes and Fortinbras, also feels a moral obligation to avenge his father and thereby let justice be served. Often the sole reason a character has a desire for revenge is because they feel obliged to seek justice for a departed loved one.
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This is particularly important in the church scene. However, the important question of whether justice is truly served at the end of this cycle of revenge can be perfectly encapsulated by the tragic case of Ophelia. As I mentioned, the concept of revenge and justice go hand in hand. However, they are not always so complimentary to one another in practice. In doing so he also causes the death of Laertes and indeed his own death.
This constant desire for revenge is proof that justice is an omnipresent theme throughout this play and seems to be of extreme importance to the characters of the play. For this reason, both revenge and justice are rarely seen one without the other and are balanced with infinite precision throughout this play.
As we know Hamlet is a man of thought rather than action. He is rather reluctant to take physical action against Claudius. This once more demonstrates how we almost always never see revenge without justice and vice versa. However, Claudius in complete contrast tries to kill Hamlet by sending him to England with a complete and utter disregard for the fact that he is unjustified in doing so. Hamlet, Laertes and Fortinbras all feel like they have a moral obligation to get their revenge for their fathers respectively because by doing so they are serving justice to those that they feel deserve it.
Hamlet must revenge his father by killing Claudius, Laertes must revenge his father Polonius by killing Hamlet and finally Fortinbras must revenge his father by regaining lands and restoring honour to his family name. All three also feel that justice will only truly be served when they have gotten their revenge. However the similarities between Hamlet and his two counterparts end there. There is a huge contrast here with the fact that Hamlet refused to do the exact same thing with Claudius in the church when he was sure his actions were justified.
There is a similarly large contrast between Fortinbras and Hamlet. Whereas Hamlet is a procrastinator, Fortinbras is a man of decisive action. In his quest to regain lands lost by his father many years ago. Fortinbras is willing to risk thousands of lives for a seemingly insignificant piece of land. In his mind, thousands of lives are worth sacrificing not just for this small piece of land but for what it represents; the honour of his family name and justice for his father.
Hamlet is only so decisive in short bursts and would not have the ability to keep such resolution alive for the duration of a war, unlike Fortinbras. This is yet another example of how revenge and justice as themes are finely balanced in this play. Drunkenness Hamlet's distaste for Claudius' drunken revels is an unusually negative response to alcohol in Shakespeare.
Falstaff is, of course, the Bard's most celebrated boozer, and there's a case to be made for substantial alcoholism in Macbeth's Scotland.
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Hamlet's negativity towards it is interesting - scholars who enjoy the hunt for biographical clues in the plays might suggest that it's a reflection of Shakespeare's own views, but I find this unlikely. This is probably appropriate for the city that minted the coin, which went on to become the most common trading coin in Europe for several centuries. Dumb Show A dumb show was a popular feature of 16th century English drama.
Dumbshows The earliest known verse drama is Gorboduc , and it dates from It features a dumbshow - an interlude of non-spoken activity that illuminates the plot. They were very popular, a hangover from medieval morality plays, but had fallen out of fashion by the time that Shakespeare wrote Hamlet. As mentioned in the episode, the play brought about something of a resurgence, and many Jacobean plays included dumbshows in the years after Hamlet was written.
While of course academia can sometimes feel like an ever-contracting nightmare of diligent students writing more and more about less and less, I have to say that this specific, particular, focused study - one of many brilliant books by Prof.
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Ichikawa - has really been making me think of late. Check it out! His faction rose up against Queen Elizabeth I and the court faction led by Sir Robert Cecil in the hope of gaining further influence at court. Falconry Shakespeare absolutely loved birds - not at all surprising for someone who grew up in the 16th century countryside.go to link
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It came into English from Old French, early in the 14th century. It is a diminutive of farde , which is the root of the modern French word fardeau - still the French word for a burden. According to some French dictionaries, it comes from the old Arabic word fardah - half a camel load. Carrying that around would make any life weary.
Comparing Laertes and Hamlet in Shakespeare's Hamlet
Feminine Endings The vast majority of verse drama in the Elizabethan period is written in Iambic Pentameter. Pentameter means that there are five sections or feet per line, and Iambic means that these feet are all Iambs, or short-LONG stressed sections. Rather akin to the human heartbeat, and certainly a rhythmic pattern that has given form to some of the most beautiful poetry in the English language. But sometimes there are more syllables to a thought than will fit into such a tight rhythm. Sometimes the playwright wants to squeeze in a little more.
And in this instances - often because a character is thinking about something a little more complicated or confusing or terrifying - we get a bonus syllable in the line, meaning that it goes up to eleven. Lines like this aren't guaranteed to be a signal of reflection or concern, but they certainly often are. Eleven syllables - existential crisis.